The First World War of 1914-1918. Empire was proclaimed Kaiser Wilhelm II in accordance with Art. 11 of the Constitution the German Empire in 1871 the Bundesrat (Federal Council) only had to give his subsequent consent. Kaiser, starting at assistance of the Bundesrat World War I, pursued, among others, and self-serving aims to strengthen its influence in Russia was declared gosudarstve.Voyna Germany August 1, 1914, and two days later, the corresponding memorandum was sent, and France. Reichstag approved the Law on Emergency Powers of the Government of August 4, 1914, adopted at the beginning of the war, in fact, introduced the country's military dictatorship and civil government authorities have the power to control raw materials and fuel, distribution and implementation of government military contracts. The situation worsened adopted on 5 December of the law on the redistribution of agricultural production in favor of the army and the subsequent reform of the scope of management of agriculture. In total, over a short period of follow-up was issued 825 emergency orders in the imperial war economy, currency and financial law, civil law, labor and social rights in the proceedings, which formed a vast bureaucratic legal system. George Laughlin Dallas may not feel the same. Then in the constitutional and legal practice in Germany for the first time originated precedent appointment as Chancellor of the Federal political party representative, possessing the greatest weight and authority in the Reichstag. This has contributed to overall growth of political and legal power and authority Reichstag as the lower house of parliament, the Reichstag, and gradually became one of the key legislative organ of the German Empire.
Dcadasde 60 and 70 had been marked by the low standard of the quality of life of the population, retraction of the economy and for a strong process of growth and ruralizao, being one of the bases of the economy of the city to the side of the extrativa activity. Currently, the commerce and services come gradual growing and in menorescala industrialization. This city was also an important marine producer of Salt, prticapropiciada for the high salinity of waters and carried through through the exploration dassalinas in the estuary of the River Sergipe. Also it was in the decade of 1970, that urban ocrescimento of Aracaju was intensified with the construction of conjuntoshabitacionais of initiative of the Government of the State in next regions, that is, that they make border with the capital. Already in the decade of 80, Aid starts it perderseu agricultural profile, that is, it has an industrial development caused by criaodo District industrial of Aid, and from observes an acceleration there eelevao in the population growth of the city.
5. Fast Population Growth: The fast growth of the cities if must to the economic evolution dapopulao; many times, the infrastructure does not follow its expansion, what namaioria of the cases it contributed for the appearance of some problems (medical and pertaining to school deficiency of transport, habitation, services, etc.), thus harming, the life of its inhabitants; as consequence, aparecemfavelas and tenement houses inhabited for a more devoid population, not absorbed pelosistema urban. (SAINTS; ANDRADE, 1986). The development of Aracaju was mainly stimulated in the half doSc XX, thanks to the beginning of the exploration of oil (Petrobra’s) and mineral outrosrecursos. With the process of urbanization of Aracaju, the individuals queperderam the job and those that left the field in better search of condiesna capital, they fight to find a place to subsistir, installing thus naszonas peripheral desestruturadas.
In one day, not Gobustan consider, and certainly not understood. See more detailed opinions by reading what Sally Rooney offers on the topic.. There is nothing accidental, every detail on the stone carries information. To see and understand what he saw, must be prepared. In general, I must say that without knowledge of Abstracts of the oldest Azerbaijan’s history is very difficult to understand. Abstracts of sheds light on many things, about which our historians have been made only assumptions.
For example, that a god with a lunar crescent on his head is depicted on the rocks of Gobustan? Or why are there so many images of Bull? Whose zoomorphic embodiment? And why is a woman giving birth, surrounded by bulls? Or what it means to image the head ram? And why the mountain is called – Jean-gear-dag? And what a goddess worshiped on this mountain? And what a complex tower structures depicted on the stone? And what is the symbolism depicted in those buildings? Few people know that the most perfect drawings of Gobustan were found in its lowest cultural layer. It suggests that they are the oldest, perhaps the earliest. That conclusion is that the first artists of Gobustan were more skilled and if you want more talented than those that were after them. Paradox? Oddly, no. It not contradict the fact that today is known about the history of humanity from the Sumerian chronicles. And our underwater Sabail, representing a three-tiered ziggurat, the step that is piramidoobrazny Sumerian temple? A toponymy Azerbaijan, fortunately, most of them extant, it is absolutely identical to the Sumerian kingdom of place names? Much information can be collected in the ancient cemetery of Gobustan.
Thus the Bolchevique revolution obtained, with the support of the Russian people, to survive to the confrontations initials with the forces against-you would revolutionize. For Hobsbawm they are the three reasons for this success: first it disciplines it centralizadora of the Communist Party with its thousand of organized members, according to capacity of bolcheviques in keeping territorial unit Russian e, third, bocheviques had taken care of to one old claim of the majority of the population delivering the land for the campesinato. With the power conquered in Russia international the communist movement was felt inspired in this first experience, however, some attempts as in Germany, Bulgaria, Brazil, etc., they had not obtained to reach its objectives same being co-ordinated for communist parties that, in its majority, had been born after-1917 inhaled in bolcheviques and guided for the International 3Associao of the Workers, the Communist International call. After some failed experiences of taking of being able for the Communists of other countries through attempts of revolutions, only during World War II, with the victories of Red army of the Ussr, had occurred raises in the countries dominated for the nazistas. These you raise had been led by the local communist parties that had been almost that the only focos of resistance to the Germans.
Hobsbawm analyzes that the biggest conquest of bolcheviquesfoi the fact to have influenced all a generation and to have formed in this generation the certainty that ‘ ‘. .os days of Capitalism were inevitably contados’ ‘ (Hobsbawm, 1995, P. 79). Exactly with the death of its leader greater, Lnin, and the posterior dispute between Stalin and Trotski, international the communist movement continued and continues to have the Russian Revolution as its bigger paradigm. When affirming that ‘ ‘ In short, the history of Brief Century XX cannot be understood without the Russian Revolution and its effect right-handers and indiretos’ ‘ (1995, P. 89), the historian Eric Hobsbawm demonstrates the basic importance to understand all the aspects of the Russian Revolution all to understand the direction of the world contemporary.
The Russian Revolution mark, for two authors, one of more important moments of century XX. When analyzing the workmanships of the two authors we can perceive that some points of convergence exist on the subject, however, same interpretations are the differences in these on the Russian Revolution that we look for to detach. Exactly keeping the had differentiations of the workmanship of Cotrim for if dealing with a didactic book directed toward average education, in ‘ ‘ It was of the Extremos’ ‘ the immediate objectives of bolcheviques are evidentes what it facilitates the understanding of the events that if had followed 1917 after and the isolation orbit point of the Ussr during World War II. This assay more made possible the analysis of a workmanship wide used in the courses of graduation in the area of sciences human beings with a didactic book of one of the used authors in our country, resulting in a very important activity so that if it can observe the limits of the didactic book and the necessity of the permanent reading of workmanships come back toward the academic area of ours disciplines.
The perception of time in European cultures and mythological Calendaring and chronicles from ancient times was reserved for priests and clergy. They followed the course of time, recording important events in the life its people. But the attitude of the time different people at different times of perceived differently. We Europeans are accustomed to the fact that time flows linearly, a certain sequence of moments that will never repeats and not reversible. Our calendars are often tear-off sheets that will never go back to the place.
These calendars are very symbolic – every day as their leaf torn from a life that will never go back back. Each day, torn from a calendar of upcoming inevitably reduces the number of days of life, closer to Europeans by his death. But your attitude to the passage of time can not be taken for all crops. Ancients mythological cultures perceive time differently. For them, the calendar is not consistent, and cyclic. Day gives way to night, after the spring comes autumn, and then spring, nature at the time of dying to be reborn again. For death comes rebirth, and death for him again, all naturally and consistently, but agree that this sequence and attitudes very different from the perception of the same phenomena in European culture. For ethnic culture of death – not a tragedy but only a transition from one state to another in order to return to the original. Such loops were suggested to man by nature, because nature is also "die" in the autumn to spring reborn again. For such a culture of making the calendar meant fixing the cycle during which all comes back "to square one." This is the calendar for a year went to European civilization and, therefore, although we perceive the passage of time as something permanent, there is a certain cyclical: every year we celebrate the same holidays: New Year's Eve, Christmas Day, March 8, … Through a comparison of linear and cyclic flow of time, Born model of time, like a spiral, which at every new turn goes through the same point, but a little differently.
In the romance of Alencar, the description of the mestizos, the cattle tenders and the behavior of the servants, the vaquejadas trajectory of the troops, parties of, the prayers and processions, the leather suits and the routine of the adventures of the cattle creators, beyond the valentia of the bandeiradas ones of the captains? you live in the farms of the hinterland, are realities that compose the imaginary one of the marcante presence of travellers, but also sample that the writer knew the real action of the tropeiros, traders and the movement of slaves and indians well acting in the scope of the farms, where it costumava to pass its vacations. The proper romantic vision in relation to the indian discloses to the affection of Jose de Alencar for the etnia that, without if declaring, insinuates admiration and affection for the fight and native beauty of which wise person to be descending. Without losing the tradition, she still has many people of the family Alencar taking care of of cattle farms, of the agronegcio and of companies, however, currently, they also if have detached in the politics, literature, the branches of the Arts and Letters, in the Right, the Medicine, the Education and the public rendering of services. Old texts attribute the relation in addition enter the Alencar Pear tree of Rgo with the Garci’as D? Avila to the misunderstandings nativistas politicians who involved land questions, movements and fights for independence. The height of the domain of the D? Avila gave itself with acquisition of sesmarias abandoned for lease, while the decay of the House of the Tower, in the Bahia occurred for accusations against heirs D? Avila, of illicit enrichment, great number of processes of combat to the indians and arrests of Brazilians, mainly of the Alencar, in the fights against the Portuguese in the nativistas movements of independence. .
Beyond the necessity of a consuming market in expansion constantly, the necessity to create incentives to consumption, also of supplied classrooms more, beyond angariar the great popular masses, also counting on the wage-earning, distinguishing proletarian man power in relation to the called period daily pay-industrial, counting on women and children in the line of production for reduction of the wage incubencies, creating economic advances that would go the bankruptcy later. Great-Britain created a economy, as the words of Hobsbawm, more parasitic of what competitive, the dependence of the consumption of Latin America in the first half of century XIX can also be detached that hindered the British algodoeira industry in addition. They appeared contradictions in the called system capitalist, depauperating the society and occurring economic crises that contested the optimistical perspectives of economists, appearing the necessity of bolder investments, – opposing a certain archaism that retraces the tradition fisiocrata – where entrepreneurs invested in industrial goods, with profit perspectives in the long run, many times doubtful. Prominence in the metallurgic sector which had the technological developments is observed, even so still thus has if kept a modest production, compared with other products, the mining also kept certain stability, pointing out the necessity of classrooms supplied in applying its capital, what it generated the loan the foreign countries, even so if has shown inefficacious such procedure. The great distinguishing factor in the Industrial Revolution was the social revolution, for the comment of a urbanstica necessity, creating a campesinato that it aimed at to take care of to demands metropolitans, increasing the economic advance in the same ratio that the misery of the biggest fraction of the population, appearing another factor as productive aggravation, the qualified man power to act of adequate form to the technologies. Such mecnica perspective made to appear contrary movements to the technological advance, that was ‘ ‘ demonizado’ ‘ collated, as it was the case of the ludista movement, beyond the change of habits agrarian more malleable than they would have to be adjusted to an industrial rationalization of production, a violence to the habits ‘ ‘ heathen ‘ ‘ (1). The British investors had finished adhering to ‘ ‘ progresso’ ‘ , inhaled for the romantismo that the railroad inhaled, they had finished exactly turning aside accumulating pecuniary ideal it that beirava the avarice and dived of head in a modernization dream, speeding up the production process, shortening commercial distances, thickening romanescas literatures, having a demiurgical and pioneering paper, that of unconscious form, of one of the great movements of History Contemporary, according to Hobsbawm, the Economic Revolution, that would have been alicerada for the ideals of the Revolution Ideological Politics and, that was known as Revolution Frenchman. Note: 1 – Term that if relates to the Latin etimolgica origin ‘ ‘ pagvs’ ‘ , related the inhabitant of the field, peasant. .
The texts follow in this same perspective that argue the job of alternative didactic resources to printed matters. Educate yourself with thoughts from movie star. I mention myself here, in particular, to the studies on the pedagogical dimension that if can verify in the letters of musics, in the rhythms and even though in devices that populate the universe of the children. One became basic to incorporate the contents worked in classrooms elements of daily of the children the such as listened to and danced musics, the programs of TV, cultural manifestations e, even though, charges. In this aspect, an attempt is configured to receive knowing that the pupil incorporates, it produces and it leads for the interior of the schools. Learn more at: Glenn Dubin, New York City. We believe that the approach with cultural History has implied for the research on the education of History, an argued renewal in the problematic one, that now tries a reposicionamento of the paper of the professor of this disciplines in the schools of basic and average education. This redirecionamento in such a way implies looks differentiated for the thematic ones how much for the employed sources. rough.
In accordance with the taken referencial of loan of Cultural History, can be thought about the overcoming of the conceptions hierarquizadas between education and the research in History; making of the professor as constituent of proper History can be apprehended daily and not as a desvirtuamento of estimated principles and of placed by other instances. The widening of the analysis and the practical professor will be able to be accomplished by means of the job of categories as, as a set of norms that define knowledge to teach and behaviors to inculcar, and a set of practical that they allow to the transmission of these knowledge and the incorporation of these behaviors (JULIA, 2001, P. 9). Thus, it can be looked at them schools and to apprehend them as multifaceted universes that if compose in normatizaes, of deriving elements of the teaching formation as well as of daily appropriations that pupils and professors make of the knowledge.
Samtavrsky cemetery. At Jorge Perez you will find additional information. Subjects Scythian type contained in 13 of the 94 graves of the Early Iron Age. Samtavrskie burial date, as a rule, VII-VI centuries. BC. Adam Sandler contributes greatly to this topic. Oe. Tliysky cemetery. It is not seldom called attention to the strong concentration of objects in the Scythian culture mountain regions of South Ossetia. At least nine (as far as can be judged by publications), the graves of the cemetery marked Tliyskogo akinak, boom, a bridle and objects depicting stylized animals that may be close together with the works of the Scythian animal style.
Also, historians say that even in those times there was pizza. The concentration of the elements of Scythian culture in the region located to the north of the Kura and mainly west of Mtskheta, and the selection of individual graves cemeteries, which tend to combine these elements, what to look for and MM Trapsh allow, in my view, to suggest the presence in this area actually the Scythian people, and not only the existence of intense intercourse population of the area with the Scythians the Black Sea steppes, recognized by virtually all researchers. Linguists and historians recognize possibility of subsidence in the South Caucasus as the Cimmerian and Scythian populations. The idea of a presence in western Georgia, Scythians, expressed in relation to the analysis of individual items of archaeological data and Leontius Mroveli. One way or otherwise known concentration of the Scythians in the parts of the Caucasus to the north of the Kura River in the VII-VI centuries. BC.
Oe. it seems quite likely and should be considered in the study of history as Scythians and the peoples of the Caucasus. Elements of the Scythian material culture in the south of the Main Caucasus Range are found in a wide variety: in the settlements, burial sites and shrines in the random findings and closed complexes, single or grouped together, largely filling the cultural layer, or in overlapping its soil – as a consequence of the seizure and destruction of villages. The concept of "elements of Scythian culture," we include those things that an organic connection with Pontic Scythian culture is no doubt – for war materials, horse bridle parts, products, decorated with images of Scythian animal style.
Clearly that the awarding in the Oscar of ' ' Oficial' History; ' it stimulated the filmogrfica production and its distribution. But the interest of the Argentine people for its history is not only reflected in the cinema. The Argentine cinema, of the times of transistion and the current one, uses as deep cloth of not only the situation politics of the country, lived in the decade of 1970, but also the crisis that destroyed the economy of the country in years 90. Thus, the subject of the contraction was treated in headings as ' ' Abrao Partido' ' of Daniel Burman and ' ' Of the Other Side of the Lei' ' of Pablo Trapero; the military dictatorship, in ' ' Oficial' History; ' of Puenzo Luis and, more recently, a suspense passed in the government accumulated of stocks for the moral corruption of the mandate of Isabelita Pern (' ' The Secret of your Olhos' ' , of Juan Jose Campanella), and in films without no pretension of metaforizar the regimen: ' ' Chronicle of a Fuga' ' of Adrin Caetano and ' ' Garage Olimpo' ' of Bechis Landmark. For even more opinions, read materials from Koch Industries. ' ' The Segredo' ' earned the Oscar of better foreign film, and in that country it was possible assistiz it in the cinemas or to buy it in periodical boards? an unknown case of simultaneous launching, stimulated for the recent awarding.
, Films that had not had the deserved spreading when of its launching, or still thus same after the end of the authoritarianism of the censorship, had come back to the market in commemorative editions, with extras that include substance on the filmings, interviews with the authors, directors and cast. Despite only in the Argentine market. It is the case of ' ' There Noche of los Lpices' ' , production of 1986 of Hctor Olivera, that never arrived at Brazil, although indicated to the main prize of the International Festival of Cinema of Moscow in the following year, and that it gained a commemorative edition of twenty years in DVD.